Camping tents are often rated by season in order to give campers an idea of what temperature -- and sometimes weather -- the tent is designed for.
Season ratings for tents vary somewhat among manufacturers and among retailers. Some use the ratings to show how much weather (wind and rain) the tent can be expected to perform in. Others use season ratings to show mainly what seasons (warm or cold) the tent performs well in.
Campetent has sorted through various season ratings and adapted them to family tents.
Since family campers usually camp in mild seasons, but not always in mild weather, Campetent will focus the season ratings on weather, so they will be of most use to family tent enthusiasts.
The guidelines below will help campers rate family tents for personal use. The chart at the bottom of the page provides a summary of the guidelines.
The chart below outlines features and performance by season rating:
2 season tents
2-season family camping tents
A 2-season tent with enough ceiling mesh and low vents can ventilate well and be quite comfortable on a very warm night.
The smaller rainfly on many 2-season tents
Campers may choose to spray the exterior tent walls with a tent fabric sealer in order to improve the fabric performance in rain.
Although this is not recommended for a high-quality tent until it is several years old, it is practical for a new, inexpensive tent.
Spraying the walls may, however, make it impossible for tent-fabric repair tape to adhere to the exterior tent wall.
2-season tent walls may become damp in light-to-moderate rain, but won't necessarily leak. The tent should still perform, as long as the seams are sealed.
Campers should keep clothing and sleeping equipment from directly touching any walls not covered by a rainfly.
In heavy rain, it may be necessary to tarp the tent in order to keep the interior comfortable. This is a simple and effective way to help a 2-season tent to perform in moderate-to-heavy, vertical rain.
2-season, family-tent designs include
Economy and department-store, family-camping tents often fall under the 2-season tent category.
Economy tents that do not list specs for their tent fabric (HH) or poles (diameter) should be considered 2-season tents.
2-season tents offer families an economical way to get started camping at local campgrounds in mild weather.
They are suitable for forested campsites in light-to-moderate wind and for exposed campsites in fair weather to light wind and rain.
2 to 3 season tents
2-to-3 season tents perform in moderate to strong winds and moderate, wind-driven rain.
They are more weather resistant than 2 season tents.
Depending on design, they can also be warmer on cool evenings.
Many popular tents of experienced family campers fall into this category, as these tents offer a good compromise between desired features and price.
2-to-3 season tents
If the partial rainfly overhangs the ceiling mesh by several inches, these tents should keep out moderate, wind-driven rain.
Exposed 2-to-3 season tent walls (for tents with partial rainflies) may become a bit damp from moderate-to-heavy, wind-driven rain. The tent should, however, still perform, as long as the seams are sealed and the poles are strong enough. In light-to-moderate rain, the walls should remain dry.
These tents often feature heavier nylon floor fabric, instead of polyethylene tarp, to better withstand the foot traffic from family camping, as well as rough ground. A few feature heavy woven, Oxford-nylon floors, which offer the greatest durability.
Nylon floor fabric for these tents is usually coated with polyurethane from 800mm to 1500mm HH to resist standing water around the tent.
2-to-3 season, family-tent designs include
The high profile and abundant headroom of large 2-to-3 season tents appeal to family campers, especially tall campers and campers with older children.
The high profile may, however, make the tent vulnerable to strong winds.
Campers should use caution when camping in strong winds and guy out the tent thoroughly.
2 to 3 season tents are suitable for sheltered, forested campsites in moderate to strong weather and for exposed campsites in moderate weather.
3 season tents
3-season tents perform in strong wind and heavy, wind-driven rain.
These tents are often family-camping offerings from tent manufacturers who design high-performance tents for backpacking or expeditions.
Some smaller outfitter tents are also suitable as 3-season family camping tents.
3-season family tents
Although they offer more standing height and headroom, family-cabin tent designs are usually avoided with 3-season family tents in favor of more aerodynamic designs.
Wall tents and frame tents are 3-season tents that offer a great deal of standing height and headroom. These tents are more of an outfitter tent than a family tent, take longer to set up and usually need a large flat site.
Large, outfitter dome tents also offer stability in strong winds.
One common feature of a 3-season tent is a full rainfly.
A full rainfly
In cool temperatures, a full rainfly
Because of the full rainfly, the inner tent canopy fabric is often uncoated, breathable fabric to allow more moist air to escape.
3-season family tent designs include
3-season tents offer families good protection against foul weather and are suitable for exposed campsites in strong wind and heavy rain.
Enthusiasts who camp in areas with strong winds or abundant rainfall should consider a 3-season tent.
|Feature||2-season tents||2-to-3 season tents||3-season tents|
||dome, cabin or instant||dome or cabin||dome or frame|
|Ceiling Mesh:||lots||lots||some to lots|
||half or 3/4||half to full||full|
|Rainfly & Wall Material:||nylon or polyester||nylon or polyester||nylon, polyester or cotton|
|Rainfly & Wall Waterproof Rating:||up to 800mm||800 to 1200mm||1200 to 1500+mm|
|Floor Material:||polyethylene (tarp)||nylon or
taffeta or oxford
|Floor Waterproof Rating:||1000 to 2000mm||800 to 1500mm||1500 to 3000+mm|
|Guy-Out Loops:||none or at tent corners||at each pole||one or more
at each pole
|# Poles (for
|2||2 (low profile) to
3 (high profile)
|Vestibule:||not common||not common||common|
|Price vs Size:||inexpensive||moderate to expensive||moderate to expensive|
These guidelines will help you sort out various family camping tents and find a tent that meets your expectations.
Conclusion: Campetent has adapted these categories to family camping tents in order to give campers a good idea of the performance they can expect from various family tents. Once tent campers become familiar with these categories, they should be able to easily rate tents by season and feel confident in their ability to select a tent for their camping situation.